Belize Bird-Banding Research Results
Birds Without Borders - Aves Sin Fronteras®

The Tropical Education Center (TEC) study site is at the Belize Zoo Jungle Lodge, near mile 27 of the Western Highway. Bird banding took place in pine savanna and scrub-shrub (also called savanna scrub or broken ridge).

Bird banding at the TEC study site was conducted from 1999 through 2002 during both the non-breeding (December-March) and breeding (April-August) seasons. We banded 979 birds of 98 species during this time period. We successfully accomplished our goal of studying the numbers and species of migratory and resident birds using this site.

Birds Without Borders - Aves Sin Fronteras® staff members have presented results of the project research at scientific meetings and also published papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Some of these describe the results of our bird banding in Belize. PDFs of publications (full-text) and presentations (abstracts) can be read and downloaded. Click here to link to the Presentations and Publications list.

We have summarized our Belize research results and produced a manual of recommendations for landowners on how they can manage their land to benefit birds. This manual includes many photos of birds and plants found in Belize. We have also highlighted key portions of the landowner manual in a brochure. We have begun distributing the manual and the brochure to interested landowners, and you can download them free of charge from the Zoological Society's Web site by clicking here.

Listed below are the bird species banded at the Tropical Education Center study site and their Belize seasonality.

Belize seasonality*:

R = Resident, present year-round
S = Seasonal resident, migrates to Belize to breed (also called breeding migrants).
N = Neotropical migrant, large portion of breeding population occurs in U.S. & Canada, spends non-breeding season (“winter”) south of the Tropic of Cancer, does not breed in Belize.
N2 = Neotropical migrant, large portion of breeding population occurs in U.S. & Canada, spends non-breeding season (“winter”) from North America to south of the Tropic of Cancer, does not breed in Belize.
NT = Neotropical transient, a Neotropical migrant species that occurs as a transient in Belize, present during migration.

Species name Belize seasonality*
Pale-vented pigeon (Patagioenas cayennensis) R
Red-billed pigeon (Patagioenas flavirostris) R
Plain-breasted ground-dove (Columbina minuta) R
Ruddy ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti) R
White-tipped dove (Leptotila verreauxi) R
Gray-headed dove (Leptotila plumbeiceps) R
Common nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) S
Common pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis) R
Black-headed trogon (Trogon melanocephalus) R
Green kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana) R
American pygmy kingfisher (Chloroceryle aenea) R
Golden-fronted woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons) R
Yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) N
Lineated woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus) R
Tawny-winged woodcreeper (Dendrocincla anabatina) R
Ruddy woodcreeper (Dendrocincla homochroa) R
Wedge-billed woodcreeper (Glyphorynchus spirurus) R
Ivory-billed woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus flavigaster) R
Barred antshrike (Thamnophilus doliatus) R
Northern beardless-tyrannulet (Camptostoma imberbe) R
Greenish elaenia (Myiopagis viridicata) R
Yellow-bellied elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster) R
Ochre-bellied flycatcher (Mionectes oleagineus) R
Northern bentbill (Oncostoma cinereigulare) R
Common tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum) R
Yellow-olive flycatcher (Tolmomyias sulphurescens) R
Royal flycatcher (Onychorhynchus coronatus) R
Tropical pewee (Contopus cinereus) R
Least flycatcher (Empidonax minimus) N
Vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) R
Bright-rumped attila (Attila spadiceus) R
Dusky-capped flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer) R
Brown-crested flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus) S
Great kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus) R
Social flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) R
Sulphur-bellied flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris) S
Tropical kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) R
Fork-tailed flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) R
Rose-throated becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) R
Masked tityra (Tityra semifasciata) R
White-collared manakin (Manacus candei) R
Red-capped manakin (Pipra mentalis) R
White-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus) N
Mangrove vireo (Vireo pallens) R
Yellow-throated vireo (Vireo flavifrons) N
Yellow-green vireo (Vireo flavoviridis) S
Rufous-browed peppershrike (Cyclarhis gujanensis) R
Spot-breasted wren (Thryothorus maculipectus) R
House wren (Troglodytes aedon) R
White-bellied wren (Uropsila leucogastra) R
Long-billed gnatwren (Ramphocaenus melanurus) R
Blue-gray gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea) R
Wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) N
Clay-colored robin (Turdus grayi) R
Gray catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) N
Tropical mockingbird (Mimus gilvus) R
Blue-winged warbler (Vermivora pinus) N
Tennessee warbler (Vermivora peregrina) N/NT
Northern parula (Parula americana) N
Yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia) N
Magnolia warbler (Dendroica magnolia) N
Yellow-rumped warbler (Dendroica coronata) N2
Grace’s warbler (Dendroica graciae) R
Black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia) N
American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) N
Worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum) N
Swainson’s warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii) N
Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla) N
Northern waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis) N
Louisiana waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla) N/NT
Kentucky warbler (Oporornis formosus) N
Common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) N
Gray-crowned yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala) R
Hooded warbler (Wilsonia citrina) N
Yellow-breasted chat (Icteria virens) N
Gray-headed tanager (Eucometis penicillata) R
Red-throated ant-tanager (Habia fuscicauda) R
Hepatic tanager (Piranga flava) R
Summer tanager (Piranga rubra) N
Blue-gray tanager (Thraupis episcopus) R
Red-legged honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus) R
Blue-black grassquit (Volatinia jacarina) R
White-collared seedeater (Sporophilia torqueola) R
Thick-billed seed-finch (Oryzoborus funereus) R
Yellow-faced grassquit (Tiaris olivaceus) R
Olive sparrow (Arremonops rufivirgatus) R
Green-backed sparrow (Arremonops chloronotus) R
Chipping sparrow (Spizella passerina) R
Grasshopper sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum) R
Grayish saltator (Saltator coerulescens) R
Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) R
Painted bunting (Passerina ciris) N
Eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna) R
Black-cowled oriole (Icterus prosthemelas) R
Yellow-billed cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus) R
Scrub euphonia (Euphonia affinis) R
Yellow-throated euphonia (Euphonia hirundinacea) R
Olive-backed euphonia (Euphonia gouldi) R
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